J. Phys. IV France 120 (2004) 705-712
Prediction of residual stresses in the heat affected zoneL. Taleb1, S. Petit2 and J.-F. Jullien2
1 INSA Rouen/LMR, UMR 6138, avenue de l'Université, BP. 08, 76801 St. Étienne du Rouvray, France
2 INSA de Lyon, URGC Structures, 20 avenue Albert Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
In this paper the behavior of a disc made up of carbon manganese steel and subjected to an axisymmetric heating in its middle zone is considered. The applied thermal cycle generates localized metallurgical solid-solid phase transformations. Contrary to the study performed some years ago, the present work is concerned with relatively thick discs that lead to variable behavior according to axial direction. Experimentally, temperature and axial displacement of the face below have continuously been measured during tests. At the end of tests, the nature and the proportions of the final phases as well as residual stresses on both faces of the discs has also been assessed. These experimental results have been compared to numerical simulations using the finite element code ASTER, developed by Electricité de France (EDF), that enables to take into account the main mechanical consequences of phase transformations. From the obtained results it can be pointed out the significant importance to take into account the transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) phenomenon for better estimation of residual stresses.
© EDP Sciences 2004