J. Phys. IV France 120 (2004) 347-354
Simulating welding with shell elementsF. Faure1, 2, J.-M. Bergheau3 and J.-B. Leblond1
1 LMM, UMR 7607 CNRS/Université Paris VI, 8 rue du Capitaine Scott, 75015 Paris, France
2 ESI Group, 84 boulevard Vivier-Merle, 69485 Lyon Cedex 03, France
3 LTDS, UMR 5513 CNRS/ECL/ENISE, 58 rue Jean Parot, 42023 Saint Etienne Cedex 2, France
Finite element simulations can be used to evaluate residual stresses and distortions induced by welding. Such simulations must account for complex interactions between thermal, metallurgical and mechanical phenomena. "Local" simulations are often sufficient for satisfactory predictions of residual stresses in the heat-affected zone (HAZ), but 3D "global" simulations are often necessary to calculate distortions, which can be important even far from the HAZ. In order to avoid such heavy calculations, a special shell element is proposed for the simulation of welding of thin structures. The thermal calculation involves only one nodal degree of freedom but fully accounts for boundary conditions on the faces of the shell. The metallurgical and mechanical calculations are based on a "multi-layer" approach. Due account is taken of transformation plasticity in the mechanical calculation. Numerical results obtained with this approach are compared to those of experiments and some 3D simulation.
© EDP Sciences 2004