J. Phys. IV France 112 (2003) 823
An in situ neutron diffraction mechanical study of superelastic NiTi and NiTi-TiC compositesR. Vaidyanathan1, M.A.M. Bourke1 and D.C. Dunand2
1 AMPAC and MMAE, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816-2455, U.S.A.
2 MST-8, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, U.S.A.
Superelastic NiTi and NiTi-TiC composites were subjected to static uniaxial compressive loading while neutron diffraction spectra were simultaneously acquired. A methodology was established to obtain quantitative strain, texture and phase volume fraction information during the forward and reverse stress-induced martensitic transformation. Despite the presence of 10 vol. % of stiff TiC particles, a macroscopic compressive strain of 3% was obtained in the composite on loading and was fully recovered on unloading. The observed behavior suggests that the martensite accommodates the mismatch with the transforming austenite (while they co-exist) and the TiC particles (in the case of the composite). Superelastic NiTi was also subjected to simultaneous neutron diffraction and uniaxial compressive cycling. The average phase strain in the mechanically-loaded austenite (at a given stress) remained unaltered during the load-unload cycles. However, differences in both volume fraction and texture of austenite and martensite were noted as cycling progressed, suggesting that these factors are responsible for the changes in the macroscopic stress-strain response of NiTi with mechanical cycling.
© EDP Sciences 2003