J. Phys. IV France 110 (2003) 651
High velocity impact resistance of composite materialsJo Justo1 and A. T. Marquer2
1 ISEP, Rua Roberto Frias, 4200 Porto, Portugal
2 Fac. de Engenharia, Rua Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
Composite materials are used in applications that require protection against high velocity impacts by fragment simulating projectiles. In this work, the ballistic performance of two commercially available materials against a fragments simulating projectile (FSP) is studied. The materials used were an aramid fiber with a phenolic matrix and a polyethylene fiber with a thermoplastic film. Impact tests have been carried out, with velocities ranging from 300 m/s to 1260m/s. The projectile used is a 1.1g NATO FSP. Impact velocity and exit velocity are measured, to determine the V 50 and the energy absorbed in cases where perforation occurs. Assessment of the impact damaged area is done using ultrasonic C-scan inspection. Types of damage and damage mechanisms have been identified. Several mechanical tests have been carried out to determine the mechanical properties, at different strain rates. Future work in numerical simulation of impact will be done using commercial code Autodyn ftom Century Dynamics.
© EDP Sciences 2003