J. Phys. IV France 110 (2003) 417
Experimental study of temperature heterogeneity in metallic materials under high strain rate sollicitationN. Ranc1, V. Pina1, P. Hervé1, L. Taravella2 and P. F. Louvigné2
1 Laboratoire d'Énergétique et d'Économie d'Énergie, Université Paris X, 1 chemin Desvallières, 92410 Ville-d'Avray, France
2 Centre Technique d'Arcueil DGAIDCE, 16 bis avenue Prieur de la Côte d'Or, 94114 Arcueil cedex, France
Our study deals with the dynamic behaviour of metallic materials and in particular of titanium alloy TA6V. For high strain rates, we can notice the occurrence of a phenomenon called adiabatic shearing. It is about a plastic instability, which results in the appearance of a localisation of the deforrnation in the narrow bands. The width of these bands is around ten micrometers of broad. The mechanisms concemed in the formation of these bands are partly known, but their modelling remains a complex problem. This article deals with an experimental study of this phenomenon on torsion Hopkinson bars. The surface temperature of the specimen is measured by optical pyrometry with a bar of 32 InSb detectors. This experimental device allows to obtain the time evolution of the temperature along the torsion axis of the specimen. The space resolution is about 50 m and the measured temperatures vary between 50°C and 300°C. This measurement makes it possible to study the onset of the localisation precisely.
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