J. Phys. IV France 110 (2003) 311
Advanced numerical models and material characterisation techniques for composite materials subject to impact and shock wave loadingR.A. Clegg1, D.M. White1, C. Hayhurst1, W. Ridel2, W. Harwick2 and S. Hiermaier2
1 Century Dynamics Ltd., Dynamics House, Hurst Road, Horsham, West Sussex, U.K.
2 FhG-Ernst-Mach-Institute, Eckerstrasse 4, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
The development and validation of an advanced material model for orthotropic materials, such as fibre reinforced composites, is described. The model is specifically designed to facilitate the numerical simulation of impact and shock wave propagation through orthotropic materials and the prediction of subsequent material damage. Initial development of the model concentrated on correctly representing shock wave propagation in composite materials under high and hypervelocity impact conditions . This work has now been extended to further concentrate on the development of improved numerical models and material characterisation techniques for the prediction of damage, including residual strength, in fibre reinforced composite materials. The work is focussed on Kevlar-epoxy however materials such as CFRP are also being considered. The paper describes our most recent activities in relation to the implementation of advanced material modelling options in this area. These enable refined non-liner directional characteristics of composite materials to be modelled, in addition to the correct thermodynamic response under shock wave loading. The numerical work is backed by an extensive experimental programme covering a wide range of static and dynamic tests to facilitate derivation of model input data and to validate the predicted material response. Finally, the capability of the developing composite material model is discussed in relation to a hypervelocity impact problem.
© EDP Sciences 2003