J. Phys. IV France
Volume 104, March 2003
Page(s) 21 - 26

J. Phys. IV France
104 (2003) 21
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:200300021

Coherent X-ray imaging and microscopy opportunities with a diffraction-limited Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) synchrotron source

Q. Shen1, 2, D.H. Bilderback1, 3, K.D. Finkelstein1, I.V. Bazarov1, 4 and S.M. Gruner1, 5, 6

1  Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS), Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, U.S.A.
2  Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, U.S.A.
3  School of Engineering and Applied Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, U.S.A.
4  Laboratory for Elementary Particle Physics, Comell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, U.S.A.
5  Physics Department, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, U.S.A.
6  Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Pnysics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, U.S.A.

A proposed Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) x-ray source at Cornell would be a 5-7 GeV synchrotron facility based on the energy-recovery principle with a superconducting linac. Because of its ultra-small round electron source and ultra-short but flexible bunch structure, the ERL has the potential to produce subpicosecond ultra-bright diffraction-limited hard x-ray beams that are superior to those from existing storage rings, and would enable new scientific experiments that are difficult or impossible to perform today. In this paper, we discuss the transverse coherence properties of the ERL source and show how these properties could benefit various x-ray microscopy applications that require a highly coherent and intense x-ray beam. These applications include full coherent illumination of wide-aperture zone-plate optics for scanning x-ray microscopy, diffraction-limited coherent phase-contrast microscopy and tomography, fully coherent hard x-ray diffraction microscopy, and large-coherence-area x-ray holography techniques.

© EDP Sciences 2003