J. Phys. IV France
Volume 136, November 2006
Page(s) 89 - 97
Publié en ligne 22 décembre 2006
Corrosion and Long Term Performance of Concrete in NPP and Waste Facilities
V. L'Hostis, F. Foct and D. Féron
J. Phys. IV France 136 (2006) 89-97

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:2006136010

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electrochemical studies of mild steel FeE500 passivation in concrete simulated water

F. Miserque1, B. Huet2, G. Azou1, D. Bendjaballah1 and V. L'Hostis2

1  Laboratoire de Réactivité des Surfaces et Interfaces, DEN/DPC/SCP/LRSI, Bât. 391, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
2  Laboratoire d'Étude du Comportement des Bétons et Argiles, DEN/DPC/SCCME/LECBA, Bât. 158, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France

(Published online 22 December 2006)

In the context of the prediction of the long-term behaviour of reinforced concrete structures involved in the nuclear waste storage, the corrosion mechanisms of steels have to be assessed. When mild steel rebars are embedded in concrete, the chemical environment of the reinforcement is progressively modified, due to the carbonation of the concrete matrix. This modification leads to the variation of iron oxides properties formed at the steel/concrete interface, and the active corrosion can be initiated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the passivation behaviour and to provide insights into the depassivation of mild steel in concrete pore solution. In a young concrete, due to the alkalinity of the interstitial solution, steel reinforcement remains passive. Immersion tests of mild steel substrate in various alkaline solutions (from pH 13 to 10) have been performed. Due to the low thickness of the corrosion layers formed, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy has been used to characterize them. In the passive domain, the corrosion products are similar for the various solutions. The corrosion layer is composed of a mixture of Fe3+ and Fe2+. A similar approach is used to determine the depassivation mechanism. The effect of various components such as carbonates, sulfates and silicates resulting from the dissolution of minerals of cement during the carbonation process is investigated. In addition to the surface analysis, the evolution of the electrochemical behaviour as function of the solution nature (pH) is evaluated with the help of electrochemical measurements (free corrosion potential, cyclic voltamperometry).

© EDP Sciences 2006