J. Phys. IV France
Volume 133, June 2006
Page(s) 721 - 725
Publié en ligne 16 juin 2006
Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2005
J.-C. Gauthier, et al.
J. Phys. IV France 133 (2006) 721-725

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:2006133146

Optimization of experimental designs by incorporating NIF facility impacts

D.C. Eder, P.K. Whitman, A.E. Koniges, R.W. Anderson, P. Wang, B.T. Gunney, T.G. Parham, J.G. Koerner, S.N. Dixit, T.I. Suratwala, B.E. Blue, J.F. Hansen, M.T. Tobin, H.F. Robey, M.L. Spaeth and B.J. MacGowan

LLNL, PO Box 808, L-463, Livermore, CA, USA

For experimental campaigns on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to be successful, they must obtain useful data without causing unacceptable impact on the facility. Of particular concern is excessive damage to optics and diagnostic components. There are 192 fused silica main debris shields (MDS) exposed to the potentially hostile target chamber environment on each shot. Damage in these optics results either from the interaction of laser light with contamination and pre-existing imperfections on the optic surface or from the impact of shrapnel fragments. Mitigation of this second damage source is possible by identifying shrapnel sources and shielding optics from them. It was recently demonstrated that the addition of 1.1-mm thick borosilicate disposable debris shields (DDS) blocks the majority of debris and shrapnel fragments from reaching the relatively expensive MDS's. However, DDS's cannot stop large, fast moving fragments. We have experimentally demonstrated one shrapnel mitigation technique showing that it is possible to direct fast moving fragments by changing the source orientation, in this case a Ta pinhole array. Another mitigation method is to change the source material to one that produces smaller fragments. Simulations and validating experiments are necessary to determine which fragments can penetrate or break 1-3 mm thick DDS's. Three-dimensional modeling of complex target-diagnostic configurations is necessary to predict the size, velocity, and spatial distribution of shrapnel fragments. The tools we are developing will be used to assure that all NIF experimental campaigns meet the requirements on allowed level of debris and shrapnel generation.

© EDP Sciences 2006