J. Phys. IV France
Volume 129, October 2005
Page(s) 69 - 71

J. Phys. IV France 129 (2005) 69-71

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:2005129015

Acoustic and volumetric studies of intermolecular interactions in dilute solutions of methanol in aromatic amines

W. Marczak, A. Chowanska and B. Piwowarska

Institute of Chemistry, University of Silesia, Szkolna 9, 40-006 Katowice, Poland

Limiting partial compressibilities and volumes of methanol in pyridine, 2-methylpyridine, 3-methylpyridine, 4-methylpyridine and 2,6-dimethylpyridine were calculated from the experimental speeds of sounds and densities of dilute solutions at 298.15 K. The limiting functions were found to be linearly correlated with the association energies of isolated 1:1 complexes of the pyridine derivatives with water. Those association energies are close to the energies for similar complexes with methanol. The results evidence that ortho effect enhances the ability of pyridines to hydrogen bonding with methanol in the same way as with water. The effect consist in changes of hydrogen bond energy, unspecific interactions with a steric hindrance, e.g. between hydrocarbon tail of the alcohol molecule and the methyl group in the ring, and changes in resonance interactions. Stronger hydrogen bonds cause smaller partial molar compressibilities and volumes of the solute, as well as greater negative enthalpies of solution. Importantly, single molecule of water or methanol forms one hydrogen bond with the proton-accepting solvent.

© EDP Sciences 2005