J. Phys. IV France
Volume 110, September 2003
Page(s) 615 - 620

J. Phys. IV France
110 (2003) 615
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20020761

Failure dynamics: New area of research

J.R. Klepaczko

Laboratory of Physics and Mechanics of Materials, UMR CNRS 7554, Ile du Saulcy, 57045 Metz, France

This paper is a short review of the present situation and recent advances in dynamic fracture and failure. More precisely, two main research areas are discussed: Dynamic Fracture Mechanics and Dynamic Failure Mechanics. After brief characterization of the Dynamic Fracture Mechanics, a well developed research area, a more detailed discussion of the Dynamic Failure Mechanics is offered. Although in the past some research efforts can be spotted in the literature describing failure of materials during impact or explosions there is a lack of systematic characterization of this area. The main subject in this contribution is a discussion how dynamic plasticity coupled with temperature effects intervenes in failure by adiabatic heating. Some examples of failure by adiabatic shear band formation, including some new failure criteria, are discussed.

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