J. Phys. IV France
Volume 110, September 2003
Page(s) 559 - 564

J. Phys. IV France
110 (2003) 559
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20020752

Dynamic experimental investigations of composites

A.N. Polilov, A.F. Melshanov, N.A. Tatous and N.A. Makhutov

Mechanical Engineering Research Institute named by A.A. Blagonravov, Russian Academy of Sciences, 4 Malyi Kharitonievsky per, 101990 Moscow, Russia

Investigation of non-metallic and polymeric composite materials (FRP - fiber reinforced plastics) response to impact loading is now one of the most actual problems of experimental mechanics. This paper describes current results in the field of dynamic investigations, when magnitude of inertial force becomes near equal to resistance force of the test sample. Time of loading up to rupture becomes very small under high strain rates. These two factors mainly define peculiarities of material dynamic testing. For composites these problems become more complicated because of high anisotropy of material elastic and strength properties.

The paper contains basic classification of composite test methods according to strain rate and time of loading. To make this classification correctly it is necessary to take into account the specimen length, wave velocity and time factor. Among ail kinds of dynamic experiments only experimental investigations devoted to impact toughness are standardized now. The rest types of experimental methods have not yet normalized because of lack of metrological tounded demands to the methodic of testing. Present results of investigations in the field of dynamic loading of composites can be considered as definite basic step to the State Standard appearance. Some types of damage mechanics models are proposed and discussed.

© EDP Sciences 2003