J. Phys. IV France
Volume 107, May 2003
Page(s) 311 - 314

J. Phys. IV France
107 (2003) 311
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20030304

Isolation and N-terminal sequencing of a novel cadmium-binding protein from Boletus edulis

C. Collin-Hansen1, R.A. Andersen2 and E. Steinnes1

1  Department of Chemistry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
2  Department of Zoology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway


A Cd-binding protein was isolated from the popular edible mushroom Boletus edulis, which is a hyperaccumulator of both Cd and Hg. Wild-growing samples of B. edulis were collected from soils rich in Cd. Cd radiotracer was added to the crude protein preparation obtained from ethanol precipitation of heat-treated cytosol. Proteins were then further separated in two consecutive steps; gel filtration and anion exchange chromatography. In both steps the Cd radiotracer profile showed only one distinct peak, which corresponded well with the profiles of endogenous Cd obtained by atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). Concentrations of the essential elements Cu and Zn were low in the protein fractions high in Cd. N-terminal sequencing performed on the Cd-binding protein fractions revealed a protein with a novel amino acid sequence, which contained aromatic amino acids as well as proline. Both the N-terminal sequencing and spectrofluorimetric analysis with EDTA and ABD-F (4-aminosulfonyl-7-fluoro-2, 1, 3-benzoxadiazole) failed to detect cysteine in the Cd-binding fractions. These findings conclude that the novel protein does not belong to the metallothionein family. The results suggest a role for the protein in Cd transport and storage, and they are of importance in view of toxicology and food chemistry, but also for environmental protection.

© EDP Sciences 2003