J. Phys. IV France
Volume 107, May 2003
Page(s) 211 - 213

J. Phys. IV France
107 (2003) 211
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20030280

Air pollution assessment of Salé's city (Morocco)

M. Bounakhla1, A. Fatah2, K. Embarch1, M. Ibn Majah1, R. Azami3, A. Sabir2, A. Nejjar3, R. Cherkaoui4 and A. Gaudry5

1  Centre National de l'Énergie, des Sciences et des Techniques Nucléaires (CNESTEN), 65 rue Tansift, Agdal, Rabat, Morocco
2  Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire Appliquée, Faculté des Sciences, Kénitra, Morocco
3  École Mohammadia d'Ingénieurs, Université Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco
4  Faculté des Sciences, Université Mohammed V-Agdal, Rabat, Morocco
5  Laboratoire Pierre Süe, Centre de Saclay, Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique, France

Four sites were selected in Sale's city in Morocco in order to contribute in air pollution level assessment and determination of its effects on public health. The sites were selected so that they are close to the most important industrialized areas, they have a very high demographic density and they cover a heavy traffic. Two approaches of air sampling and subsequent analysis methods of elements in atmospheric aerosols have been performed. The first is a classical approach, which consists in sampling total airborne materials with a High Volume Sampler and analysing the samples using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). The second is having its interest for studies relating effects of particles on human health. It consists in employing a Dichotomous Sampler to collect inhalable particles and the X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) for elemental analysis. With such system, it was possible to collect separately respirable and inhalable aerosols. The ED-XRF analysis method used is appropriate for monitoring airborne polluants in living and working areas with advantage of simple preparation, nondestructive nature, rapidity and suitable limits of detection. Using this method, it was possible to identify and quantify S, Ca, CI, Fe, Cu, and Pb. With Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Analysis Method, we quantified Cd. This study have been completed by measuring NO x SO 2 and solid suspended particles or airborne particulate matter (APM).

© EDP Sciences 2003