J. Phys. IV France
Volume 107, May 2003
Page(s) 1103 - 1106

J. Phys. IV France
107 (2003) 1103
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20030493

Heavy metals partioning in three French forest soils by sequential extraction procedure

A. Probst, L. Hernandez and J.L. Probst

LMTG, Université Paul Sabatier, UMR-IRD 5563 du CNRS, 38 rue des 36 Ponts, 31400 Toulouse, France

To know the concentration of heavy metal associated to chemical compounds is important to evaluate the environmental risks on soils, particularly regarding ion bioavailability. The relative mobility and strength of binding of heavy metals to the soil components can be studied using a sequential extraction procedure which provides a meaningful comparison between different soil profiles. The heavy metals partitioning has been identified in three different French forest soils: one cambic podzol, one calcaric cambisol and one mollic andosol, using a new sequential extraction method. Results show that metal fractionation is metal and site specific. The water leaching phase does not contain any metals. The proportion of heavy metal leached in the exchangeable and the acid-soluble phase is significant for Cd. The residual phase is important for Cr, Pb, and to a lesser extend for Ni. The organic matter fraction is dominant for Zn and Cu. Thus, the considered heavy metals are mainly bounded to iron oxides, to the organic matter and to the mineral residue. The order of heavy metals availability in the three soils would be: $\rm Zn>Cd>Cu>Pb>Ni>Cr$. Lead isotopes in some extracts of the extraction procedure corroborate the anthropogenic inputs for two soils. These both infomations allow to trace the origin, the mobility and the distribution of Pb in the soil.

© EDP Sciences 2003