J. Phys. IV France
Volume 107, May 2003
Page(s) 731 - 734

J. Phys. IV France
107 (2003) 731
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20030405

Retention capacity of natural sands for the treatment of waters containing arsenic trace levels

I. Le Hécho1, A. Chappaz1, M. Potin-Gautier1 and P. Behra2

1  Université de Pau et des Pays del'Adour, Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique Bio-Inorganique et Environnement, UMR 5034 du CNRS, avenue de l'Université, 64000 Pau, France
2  École Nationale Supérieure des Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques, Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-industrielle, UMR 1010, INRA/INP-ENSIACET, 118 route de Narbonne, 31077 Toulouse cedex 4, France

The aim of this work is to study the As retention capacity of two natural sand, a quartz sand and a volcanic red sand. Sorption experiments were performed in batch reactors at a constant ionic strength (0.010 M Na0 3). pH was controlled by acid or base microadditions. As, Fe, Al and Si were analysed in the aqueous phase to control their fate. Kinetic experiments of arsenic sorption showed that a fast step followed by a slow one could be observed depending on the sand. In the most rapid step, the formation of monodentate complexes could be the main phenomenon while in the slowest one bidendate and binuclear complexes could predominate. During As (V) sorption, the analyses of Al, Fe and Si showed that the dissolution of the different minerals present in the sands as Al, Si and Fe (hydr) oxides was not affected by As (V) sorption. From the point of view of the surface reactivity, the quartz sand bas more available sites for arsenic sorption than the volcanic sand However, the red soil shows a better retelltion capacity as expressed in amount of As per solid mass unit : 666 nmol g -1 and 9.4 nmol g -1 for the red soil and the quartz sand, respectively, for a contact time of 288 h.

© EDP Sciences 2003