J. Phys. IV France
Volume 104, March 2003
Page(s) 337 - 340

J. Phys. IV France
104 (2003) 337
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:200300094

Evidence for calcium soaps in human hair shaft revealed by sub-micrometer X-ray fluorescence

F. Briki1, C. Mérigoux1, F. Sarrot-Reynauld2, M. Salomé3, B. Fayard3, J. Susini3 and J. Doucet1

1  LURE, Université Paris-Sud, bâtiment 209D, BP. 34, 91898 Orsay cedex, France
2  Service de Médecine Interne, CHU Michallon, BP. 217, 38043 Grenoble cedex 9, France
3  ESRF, BP. 220, 38043 Grenoble cedex, France

New information about calcium status in human scalp hair shaft, deduced from X-ray microfluorescence imaging, including its distribution over the hair section, the existence of one or several binding-types and its variation between people, is presented. The existence of two different calcium types is inferred. The first one corresponds to atoms (or ions) easily removable by hydrochloric acid, located in the cortex (granules), in the cuticle zone and also in the core of the medulla, which are identified as calcium soaps cy comparison with X-ray diffraction and IR spectromicroscopy data. The second type consists of non-easily removable calcium atoms (or ions) that are located in the medulla wall, probably also the cuticle, and rather uniformly in the cortex; these calcium atoms may be involved in Ca 2+-binding proteins, their concentration is fairly constant from one subject to another.

© EDP Sciences 2003