J. Phys. IV France
Volume 12, Numéro 10, November 2002
Page(s) 235 - 252

J. Phys. IV France
12 (2002) Pr10-235
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20020462

Transport phenomena

G. Kockarts

Institut d'Aéronomie Spatiale, 3 avenue Circulaire, I 180 Bruxelles, Belgium

This tutorial paper describes how various transport phenomena affect the atmospheric structure. These basic principles are applied to the Earth's atmosphere. but can be extended to any other atmosphere. Two types of movements are considered, namely global movements which affects all constituents and minor constituents movements which depend on the nature of the atmospheric components. Since the atmospheric composition depends on the actual hydrodynamical regime, the transition from perfect mixing to molecular diffusion is analyzed as well as the transition from wllisional dominated heterosphere to the exosphere where almost no interaction occurs between atmospheric components.

© EDP Sciences 2002