J. Phys. IV France
Volume 12, Numéro 10, November 2002
Page(s) 161 - 183

J. Phys. IV France
12 (2002) Pr10-161
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20020458

Single particle characterisation and sources of tropospheric aerosols in the Negev desert (Israel)

S. Sobanska1, 2, W. Maenhaut3 and F. Adams1

1  University of Antwerp, Micro and Trace Analysis Centre, Universiteitsplein I, 261 0 Wilruk, Belgium
2  University of Antwerp, Electron Microscopy for Materials Research, Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerpen, Belgium
3  Ghent University, Institute for Nuclear Sciences, Proeftuinstraat 86, 9000 Gent, Belgium

Individual aerosol particles collected in the Negev desert in Israel during a summer and winter campaign in 1996-1997 were analysed by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed to interpret the data on the basis of particle diameter and composition. Eleven particle classes (groups) provided clues on sources and/or particle formation. The summer samples were enriched in sulphates and mineral dusts; the winter samples contained more sea salts, aged sea salts and industrial particles. Mineral dust and sea-salt particles became more abundant with increasing particle size, while sulphates and other sulphur containing particles increased with decreasing particle size. The fine size fraction below 1 $\mu$m diameter was enriched in secondary particles and showed evidence of atmospheric processing. The secondary sulphate particles were mainly attributed to long-range transport. A regional conversion from calcite to sulphate occurred during summer. Industrial particles originating from local pollution appeared during winter.

© EDP Sciences 2002