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J. Phys. IV France
Volume 11, Numéro PR8, Novembre 2001
Fifth European Symposium on Martensitic Transformations and Shape Memory Alloys
Page(s) Pr8-263 - Pr8-268
Fifth European Symposium on Martensitic Transformations and Shape Memory Alloys

J. Phys. IV France 11 (2001) Pr8-263-Pr8-268

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:2001845

Phase transformation and microstructures in Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys

K. Tsuchiya1, H. Nakamura1, D. Ohtoyo1, H. Nakayama1, M. Umemoto1 and H. Ohtsuka2

1  Department of Production Systems Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi, Aichi 441-8580, Japan
2  National Research Institute of Metals, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0003, Japan

Composition dependence of martensitic transformation and magnetic transformation has been studied on Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. A good correlation was found between the transformation temperatures and valence electron density (e/a). Martensitic transformation temperature increases rapidly with e/a, while the Curie temperature exhibits only a mild dependence. Crystal structure of martensite also changes with e/a. At a lower e/a (near the stoichiometric Heusler composition) the martensite was bct with the modulation of five layers period of {110}L21 planes; at a higher e/a, it was fct without the modulation. Transformations from the parent phase to an intermediate phase and then to martensite phase were observed in situ using a cold stage for Ni-23.0Mn-25.6Ga. The sample exhibits so-called "tweed" structures in the parent phase. The tweed contrast becomes more pronounced as the temperature approaches Ms. This is accompanied by increasing intensity of diffuse streaks along <101> directions. At 230 K the satellite spots appeared at 1/6<220> positions, corresponding to the intermediate phase. On further cooling martensite plate formed and the structure changed continuously to the modulated bct.

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