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J. Phys. IV France
Volume 11, Numéro PR8, Novembre 2001
Fifth European Symposium on Martensitic Transformations and Shape Memory Alloys
Page(s) Pr8-23 - Pr8-30
Fifth European Symposium on Martensitic Transformations and Shape Memory Alloys

J. Phys. IV France 11 (2001) Pr8-23-Pr8-30

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:2001804

Lattice deformations at martensite-martensite interfaces in Ni-Al

D. Schryvers1, Ph. Boullay2, R. Kohn3 and J. Ball4

1  EMAT, University of Antwerp, RUCA, Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerpen, Belgium
2  Laboratoire SPCTS, Faculté des Sciences, 123 avenue Albert Thomas, 87060 Limoges cedex, France.
3  Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, 251 Mercer Street, New York, NY 10012, U.S.A.
4  Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, St-Giles 24-29, Oxford OX1 3LB, U.K.

The atomic configurations at macrotwin interfaces between microtwinned martensite plates in Ni65Al35 material are investigated using high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The observed structures are interpreted in view of possible formation mechanisms of these interfaces. A distinction is made between cases in which the microtwins, originating from mutually perpendicular {110} austenite planes, enclose a final angle larger or smaller than 90°, measured over the boundary. Two different configurations, one with crossing microtwins and the other with ending microtwins producing a step configuration are described. The latter is related with the existence of microtwin sequences with changing variant widths. Although both features appear irrespective of the material's preparation technique, rapid solidification seems to prefer the step configuration. Depending on the actual case, tapering, bending and tip splitting of the small microtwin variants is observed. Severe lattice deformations and reorientations occur in a region of 5 - 10 nm around the interface while sequences of single plane ledges gradually bending the microtwins are found up to 50 nm away from the interface. These structures and deformations are interpreted in view of the need to accommodate any remaining stresses.

© EDP Sciences 2001