J. Phys. IV France
Volume 05, Numéro C1, Janvier 1995
Europhysics Industrial Workshop EIW-12
Industrial Applications of Positron Annihilation
Page(s) C1-179 - C1-191
Europhysics Industrial Workshop EIW-12
Industrial Applications of Positron Annihilation

J. Phys. IV France 05 (1995) C1-179-C1-191

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:1995121

Diamond-Like Coatings : Microstructural Evolution under Ion Beam Assistance

F. Rossi1, B. André2, A. van Veen3, P.E. Mijnarends3, H. Schut3, M.P. Delplancke4, G. Lucazeau5 and L. Abello5

1  Commission of the European Communities, Advanced Coating Centre, P.O. Box 2, 1755 ZG Petten, The Netherlads
2  Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires de Grenoble, BP 85X, 38041 Grenoble cedex, France
3  IRI, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft, The Netherlands
4  Université Libre de Bruxelles, Service de Metallurgie et Electrochimie, 50 Avenue Franklin Roosevelt, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
5  ENSEEG, LIESG, BP 75X, 38041 Grenoble cedex, France

Non-hydrogenated diamond-like carbon films have been prepared by Dual Ion Beam Sputtering and Ion Beam Assisted Magnetron. The assistance parameters -ion energy, ion mass, ion flux/atom flux- have been systematically varied and their effect on the microstructure of the films studied. The films have been characterised by Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy (RBS), High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM), Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS), Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy (PAS), and Raman Spectroscopy (RS). RBS and PAS results showed that the density and the degree of disorder of the films go through a maximum with ion energy, and that the void concentration goes through a minimum. EELS and RS show that the films are mostly sp2 bonded, with a maximum concentration of sp3 bonding of about 16% for the largest values of density. The evolution of density with ion flux and energy is consistent with a combined effect of atomic displacements in the film leading to densification, and with damage buildup leading to progressive graphitisation as the energy is increased.

© EDP Sciences 1995