J. Phys. IV France
Volume 04, Numéro C4, Avril 1994
3rd International Conference Laser M2P
Page(s) C4-9 - C4-12
3rd International Conference Laser M2P

J. Phys. IV France 04 (1994) C4-9-C4-12

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:1994402

Analytical applications of infrared semiconductor lasers in atmospheric trace gas monitoring


Fraunhofer Institut für Atmosphärische Umweltforschung, Kreuzeckbahnstr. 19, 82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Sensitivity, specifity, high the resolution and cost effective simultaneous measurements of several components using operational systems are the main requirements for atmospheric research and air pollution monitoring. Tunable diode lasers absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) is increasingly beeing used to measure atmospheric trace gas concentrations down to low ppb-levels (10-9 volume mixing ratio). This optical technique fulfills the requirements for trace gas analysis in the atmosphere for most of the smaller molecules with resolved absorption spectra. Semiconductor lead salt diode lasers give access to the mid infrared spectral region, where the most important atmospheric constituents have strong rotational vibrational absorption bands. The application of high frequency modulation (FM) schemes can further improve sensitivity and detection speed of modern instrumentation.

© EDP Sciences 1994