Troisiéme Conférence Européenne sur les Matériaux et les Procédés Avancés
J. Phys. IV France 03 (1993) C7-949-C7-954
Low temperature ion-nitriding of Fe-Mo-C sintered steelsA. MOLINARI1, B. TESI1, T. BACCI2 and G. PRADELLI2
1 Dipartimento di Ingegneria dei Materiali, University of Trento, Via di Mesiano 77, 38050 Trento, Italy
2 Dipartimento di Meccanica e Tecnologie Industriali, University of Florence, Via di S. Marta 3, 50139 Firenze, Italy
The nitridability at low temperatures (723-773 K) of Fe-Mo-C sintered steels has been studied : the possibility to realize hardened surface layers of appropriate characteristics has been examined also to reduce surface microstructure alterations (e.g. decarburization) and size and shape variations which may occur for thermochemical treatments at higher temperatures. In a semi-industrial ion-nitriding plant Fe- Mo 1.5-C 0.3 (with martensitic matrix) and Fe-Mo 1.5-C 0.5 (with bainitic matrix) sintered steels have been ion-nitrided at temperatures included in the range [MATH] K and for treatment times of [MATH] h. As previously noticed, the first sintered steel, if ion-nitrided at 823 K for more than 8 h, presents a surface hardness of about 700 HV but also a sharp hardness fall (down to 450 HV) immediately beyond the compound layer owing to decarburization phenomena. Reducing the treatment temperature (773 K) this effect does not appear : the nitrided layer shows a regular hardness profile, with maximum hardness value of 720 HV and thickness of about 100 µm], and consists essentially of the [MATH] cubic nitride and Fe2-3(C,N) [MATH] hexagonal carbonitride. At the same time, the ion-nitriding treatment in the temperature range [MATH] has been applied to the second sintered steel. In this case, no decarburization has been observed also for treatments at the highest temperature; the hardness profiles show a gradual decrease from 730 HV to the matrix value (350 HV), but the hardness depth results very limited also for treatment times of 24 h.
© EDP Sciences 1993