J.-C. Gauthier, et al.
J. Phys. IV France 133 (2006) 907-912
Impact of neutron and gamma radiation on the design of NIF diagnostics and target-bay systemsD.C. Eder, P.M. Song, J.F. Latkowski, S. Reyes, D.W. O'Brien, F.D. Lee, B.K. Young, J.A. Koch, M.J. Moran, P.W. Watts, J.R. Kimbrough, E.W. Ng, O.L. Landen and B.J. MacGowan
LLNL, PO Box 808, L-463, Livermore, CA, USA
The design of a wide range of components in and near the target bay of the National Ignition Facility (NIF) must allow for significant radiation from neutrons and gammas. Detailed 3D Monte Carlo simulations are critical to determine neutron and gamma fluxes for all target-bay components to allow optimization of location and auxiliary shielding. Demonstration of ignition poses unique challenges because of the large range (3 orders of magnitude) in the yield for any given attempt at ignition. Some diagnostics will provide data independent of yield, while others will provide data for lower yields and only survive high yields with little or no damage. In addition, for a given yield there is a more than 10 orders of magnitude range in neutron and gamma fluxes depending on location in the facility. For example, sensitive components in the diagnostic mezzanines and switchyards require auxiliary shielding for high-yield shots even though they are greater than 17 meters from target chamber center (TCC) and shielded by the 2 m-thick target-bay wall. In contrast, there are components 0.2 to 2 m from TCC with little or no shielding. For these components, particular attention is being made to use low-activation material because of the extremely high neutron loading levels. Many of the components closest to target center are designed to be single use to reduce worker dose from having to refurbish highly activated components. The cryogenic target positioner is an example where activation and ease of component replacement is an important part of the design. We are developing a design process for all target-bay systems that will assure reliable operation for the full range of planned yields.
© EDP Sciences 2006