J.-C. Gauthier, et al.
J. Phys. IV France 133 (2006) 49-55
Advances of dense plasma physics with particle acceleratorsD.H.H. Hoffmann1, 2, A. Blazevic1, O.N. Rosmej1, P. Spiller1, N.A. Tahir1, K. Weyrich1, T. Dafni2, M. Kuster2, M. Roth2, S. Udrea2, D. Varentsov2, J. Jacoby3, Zioutas4, 5 and B.Yu. Sharkov6
1 Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung, GSI-Darmstadt, Plasmaphysik, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
2 Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Schloßgartenstr. 9, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany
3 Universität Frankfurt, Institut für Angewandte Physik, 6000 Frankfurt, Germany
4 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneve, Switzerland
5 University of Patras, Department of Physics, 26500 Patras, Greece
6 Institut for Theoretical and Experimental Physics ITEP, Moscow 117259, Russia
High intensity particle beams from accelerators induce high energy density states in bulk matter. The SIS-18 heavy ion synchrotron at GSI now routinely delivers intense Uranium beams that deposit about 1 kJ/g of specific energy in solid matter, e.g. solid lead. Due to the specific nature of the ion-matter interaction a volume of matter is heated uniformly with low gradients of temperature and pressure in the initial phase, depending on the pulse structure of the beam with respect to space and time. The new accelerator complex FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and ion Research) at GSI as well as beams from the CERN large hadron collider (LHC) will vastly extend the accessible parameter range for high energy density states. One special piece of accelerator equipment a superconducting high field dipole magnet, developed for the LHC at CERN is now serving as a key instrument to diagnose the dense plasma of the sun interior plasma, thus providing an extremely interesting combination of accelerator physics, plasma physics and astro-particle physics.
© EDP Sciences 2006