J. Phys. IV France 128 (2005) 171-176
Semi-passive piezoelectric noise control in transmission by synchronized switching damping on voltage sourceA. Faiz, D. Guyomar, L. Petit and C. Buttay
Laboratoire de Génie Électrique et Ferroélectricité (LGEF), INSA de Lyon, 8 rue de la Physique, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
This paper deals with the so called SSD (stands for Synchronized Switch Damping) technique that is a semi-passive approach developed to address the problem of structural vibration damping and noise reduction. Compared to standard passive piezoelectric damping, this technique offers the advantage of self-adaptation with environmental variations (e.g. temperature). On the contrary to the active damping systems, its implementation does not require any sophisticated signal processing or any bulk power. In the semi passive approach, the piezoelectric element is continuously switched from open circuit to short circuit synchronously to the strain. Due to this switching mechanism, a phase difference appears between the strain induced by an incident acoustic wave and the resulting voltage, thus creating energy dissipation. With the non-linear process, damping performances directly depend on the electromechanical coupling coefficient of the system. For the weakly coefficient coupling systems, the voltage amplitude of the piezoelectric elements can be artificially increased by switching on voltage sources. Using this new method SSDV (stands for Synchronized Switch Damping on Voltage source), 16.1 dB attenuation on the transmitted wave pressure in the tube is obtained whereas only 8 dB were achieved with the classical SSDI (stands for Synchronized Switch Damping on Inductor). Furthermore, as this method is adaptive, attenuation is observed over a 600 Hz-wide frequency band.
© EDP Sciences 2005