J. Phys. IV France
Volume 128, September 2005
Page(s) 105 - 110

J. Phys. IV France 128 (2005) 105-110

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:2005128016

Properties, stability and aging in (Pb,Sr)TiO3-PbZrO3-Pb(Mg1/3Sb2/3)O3 ferroelectric ceramics

E. Dimitriu1, F. Craciun2, R. Ramer3, G. Prodan4 and V. Ciupina4

1  REGO COM SRL, Calea 13 Septembrie 115, Bucharest, Sector 5, Romania
2  Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Area di Ricerca Tor Vergata, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Rome, Italy
3  School of Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication, University of South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
4  University Ovidius, Constantq, Romania

The variation with temperature of the dielectric and piezoelectric properties and dielectric properties aging of ferroelectric ceramics with composition Pb0.95Sr0.05Mg0.042Sb0.083Ti0.45Zr0.425O3 are presented. Dielectric measurements evidenced a double relaxor system, characterized by very broad dielectric maximum at ${\rm T}_{\rm m} = 190\,^{\circ}$C (at 200 Hz) which shifted to 195 $^{\circ}$C at 200 kHz. This frequency dispersion is due to the partial relaxor characteristics of the material. A second anomaly appears as a shoulder at about 200 $^{\circ}$C in the imaginary part of the dielectric constant, both on heating and cooling curves. This could be attributed to the presence of a secondary relaxor system. The aging of dielectric properties has been investigated at different quenching temperatures below ${\rm T}_{\rm m}$. Aging and rejuvenation are found to be of relaxor type. This is rather surprising since the amount of relaxor phase content is relatively small. Properties variation with temperature has been measured up to 140 $^{\circ}$C. It has been found that the elastic and piezoelectric constants show only a small variation for temperatures up to 90 $^{\circ}$C.

© EDP Sciences 2005