J. Phys. IV France 125 (2005) 479-482
Dynamical non linear diffraction pattern induced by photothermal effects in a liquid crystal filmJ.A. Olivares1, J.A. Reyes2, R.F. Rodríguez2 and F.L.S Cuppo2
1 Centro de Investigación en Polímeros, COMEX, Blvd. M. Avila Camacho 138, PH 1 y 2, Lomas de Chapultepec, CP 11560, Mexico, DF, Mexico
2 Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 20-364, 01000 Mexico, DF, Mexico
In this work it is experimentally demonstrated that the nonlinear diffraction pattern produced by a dye doped nematic film exhibits a sequence of dynamical regimes. They are clearly distinguishable in the far field under the simultaneous action of a linearly polarized laser beam and a low frequency AC electric field. The values of the relevant control parameters like the power threshold or laser power were determined. The average angular velocity and the rotation period of the pattern were measured for the first observed rotationally stable regime. We briefly discuss a preliminary nonlinear model which proposes that the light absorption by the dye doped sample produces a temperature gradient that couples to the effects induced by the laser through an induced order polarization. This mechanism generates an additional torque which gives rise to some of the features of the observed rotational pattern.
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