J. Phys. IV France 125 (2005) 297-299
A study on thermal properties of biodegradable polymers using photothermal methodsA.P.L. Siqueira1, L.H. Poley1, R. Sanchez2, M.G. da Silva1 and H. Vargas1
1 Laboratorio de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Brasil
2 Laboratorio de Materiais Avancados, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Brasil
In this work is reported the use of photothermal techniques applied to the thermal characterization of biodegradable polymers of Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) family. This is a family of polymer produced by bacteria using renewable resources. It exhibits thermoplastic properties and therefore it can be an alternative product for engineering plastics, being also applied as packages for food industry and fruits. Thermal diffusivities were determined using the open photoacoustic cell (OPC) configuration. Specific heat capacity measurements were performed monitoring temperature of the samples under white light illumination against time. Typical values obtained for the thermal properties are in good agreement with those found in the literature for other polymers. Due to the incorporation of hydroxyvalerate in the monomer structure, the thermal diffusivity and thermal conductivity increase reaching a saturation value, otherwise the specific thermal capacity decreases as the concentration of the hydroxyvalerate (HV) increases. These results can be explained by polymers internal structure and are allowing new applications of these materials.
© EDP Sciences 2005