J. Phys. IV France 123 (2005) 203-206
Catalyst made of NiMo sulfide supported on hydroxyapatite: Influence of Al addition on support properties and on the catalytic conversion of thiopheneN. El Azarifi1, A. El Ouassouli1, M. Lakhdar1, A. Ezzamarty1, 1, C. Moreau2, A. Travert3 and J. Leglise3
1 Laboratoire de Catalyse Hétérogène, Faculté des Sciences Aïn Chock, BP. 5366, Maarif, Casablanca, Maroc
2 Laboratoire de Matériaux Catalytiques et Catalyse en Chimie Organique, ENSCM, Montpellier, France
3 Laboratoire Catalyse et Spectrochimie, UMR CNRS 6506, ISMRA, 6 Bd. du Maréchal Juin, 14050 Caen Cedex, France
A hydroxyapatite and two apatites enriched with alumina have been synthesized to support NiMo sulfide. Hydroxyapatites are efficient supports of NiMo sulfide catalyst for desulfurization of thiophene. Addition of Al ions during the preparation results in an intimate mixture of crystalline apatite and amorphous AlPO4. This leads to an important increase in surface area and porous volume that is beneficial to the catalytic activity. The highest activity is obtained with calcium-deficient apatite because the presence of apatitic HPO 42- groups or related surface defects is required to improve the dispersion of the Mo ions in the oxidic precursor. The apatitic catalysts are superior to commercial NiMoP/Al2O3 catalysts, which makes NiMo/apatite a good candidate for hydrotreating.
© EDP Sciences 2005