J. Phys. IV France 112 (2003) 213
Martensite crystallography and elastic-stiffness coefficientsH. Ledbetter1 and M. Dunn2
1 Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory, National lnstitute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO 80305, U.S.A.
2 Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, U.S.A.
We considered the effect of the elastic-stiffness coefficients on the martensite crystallographic features, especially the habit plane. We approached the problem with an elastic-energy-minimization inclusion model. As shown previously, this model agrees exactly with the WLR-BM invariant-plane-strain theories when elastic stiffness is neglected and strain energy equals zero. As a first example, we considered the large-strain Fe-31Ni (fcc to bcc) transformation. Second, we considered a small-strain example: In-23Ti (fcc to fct). Finally, we considered the A15 compound Nb 3Sn (bcc to bct), which shows soft-mode behavior during cooling, where the C'= (C11-C12/2 elastic stiffness essentially vanishes, leading to a near-zero shear modulus. All three cases yielded the same result: the habit plane shows no response to elastic softening or stiffening.
© EDP Sciences 2003