J. Phys. IV France 107 (2003) 227
Manganese and iron as oxygen carriers to anoxie estuarine sedimentF.M.M. Brayner1 and B. Matvienko2
1 Instituto Tecnologico do Estado de Pernambuco-Brazil, Av. Prof. Luiz Freire 700, Ciudade Universitaria, Recife/PE, Brazil
2 University of Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Engineering School, Hydraulics Department CRHEA, Caixa Postal 717, Sao Carlos SP 13560-970, Brazil
We studied the concentration of a series of transition metals including Mn and Fe in an estuarine fishpond. The pond is situated at latitude 8°10'S and longitude 34°55'W, in the Capibaribe River estuary, within the Recife city boundaries, which is located in Pernambuco, a state of the Brazilian Northeast Pond area is 1.5 ha and it bas a 0.5 m depth. It is separated from the river by dikes. Water temperature at 28° C is stable throughout the year. Light breezes keep the water aerated, but intense ongoing decomposition makes the sediment anoxie. The area, originally of mangrove type, has been changed by antropic action on its fauna and vegetation. The study focuses on changes in behaviour of heavy metals. Samples of bottom sediments wore collected by Eckman dredge sediment sampler and total metal concentration was determined by the lithium borate fusion method. Water, recent sediment, and consolidated sediment were examined in this fishpond where Mn and Fe are brought in periodically by water and then gradually go into the sediment at respective rates of 10.52 and 1332 mg m -2a -1. Strong bioturbation re-suspends sediment while simultaneously re-dissolution of these ions is going on fhrough reduction in the anoxie sédiment. As soluble species these ions migrate from sediment to water and are there continually oxidized by dissolved oxygen, becoming insoluble. With their precipitation, chemically bound oxygen is carried down to the sediment, constituting a parallel channel of transport in addition to migration into the sediment bydiffusion of the oxygen dissolved in the water. The estimated flow rates are 3.25 and 76 mg O 2 m -2a -1 due to Mn and Fe respectively. The rates were established using natural silicon as a tracer.
© EDP Sciences 2003