J. Phys. IV France
Volume 107, May 2003
Page(s) 203 - 206

J. Phys. IV France
107 (2003) 203
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20030278

Determination of some heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Zn and Pb) in blood by total reflection X-ray fluorescence

M. Bounakhla1, A. Doukkali1, K. Lalaoui1, H. Aguenaou2, N. Mokhtar3 and B. Attrassi4

1  Centre National de l'Énergie, des Sciences et des Techniques Nucléaires, 65 rue Tansift, Rabat, Morocco
2  Université Ibn Tofail, Faculté des Sciences, Laboratoire de Nutrition, BP. 133, Kenitra 14000, Morocco
3  IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Vienna, Austria
4  Université Ibn Tofail, Faculté des Sciences, UFR Eaux Usées et Santé, BP. 133, Kenitra 14000, Morocco

The main purpose of this study is the interaction between nutrition (micronutrients heavy metals: Fe, Zn, Cu) and toxic heavy metals such as Pb in blood of children living in Gharb region of Morocco. This region receives all pollution carried by the Sebou river coming mainly from industrial activities. A rapid and simple analytical procedure was used for the determination of Fe, Cu and Zn trace amounts in blood by total-reflection X-ray fluorescence technique. This method is an energy dispersive XRF technique in a special geometry of primary beam, sample and detector. The sample is deposited on a plane polished surface of a suitable reflector material. It is presented as a few drops (25  $\mu$l) from a solution of blood digested in a mixture of HNO 3 and H 2O 2 using a microwaves accelerated reaction system. The accuracy of measurements has been investigated by using certified materials. The concentration of Cu was found to be normal in all samples ( $\cong$1 ppm) which ruled out any interaction between this element and the others. On the other hand, amounts of Fe and Zn are very variables, suggesting an interaction between Fe and Zn. However, amounts of Pb in blood are inferior to 50 ppb, suggesting that no interaction exist with this metal and micronutrients.

© EDP Sciences 2003