J. Phys. IV France 107 (2003) 1421
Mercury deposition in a tidal marsh downstream of the historic New Almaden mining district, CaliforniaC.H. Conaway1, E. Watson2, J.R. Flanders1 and A.R. Flegal1
1 WIGS Laboratory, Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California at Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, U.S.A.
2 Department of Geography, University of California at Berkeley, 507 McCone Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, U.S.A.
A record of mercury deposition was provided by sediment recovered from piston cores of a San Francisco Bay tidal marsh that is 30-km downstream of the New Almaden Quicksilver mining district, formerly the largest mercury mining district in North America. Pre-mining sediment concentrations were ng g -l, which are similar to pre-mining concentrations in cores taken from other parts of San Francisco Bay. Concentrations in the core increase to about 1200 ng g -l, after a peak of mining activity in the early to mid 20 century. The extent of contamination from upstream mining activity appears to reflect the amount of processed ore disposed of at the surface and also from periods when mercury was recovered from reworking these surface ore dumps and open cuts. Although San Francisco estuary is contaminated with mercury from numerous historic mining sources, including late 19 century hydraulic gold mining in the Sierra Nevadas, the contamination in the southern reach of the estuary is predominantly from mining at New Almaden.
© EDP Sciences 2003