J. Phys. IV France 107 (2003) 1219
Preliminary study of the distribution of gaseous mercury species in the air of Guiyang city, ChinaL. Shang1, 2, X. Feng1, W. Zheng1, 2 and H. Yan1, 2
1 State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistty, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550002, China
2 Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
Total gaseous mercury (TGM) in ambient air consists of Hg 0 and reactive gaseous mercury (RGM) in general. Although RGM only constitutes a small portion of TGM in the air, it contributes the most to both dry and wet deposition of mercury from the atmosphere. TGM and RGM concentrations in ambient air at one site of Guiyang City were determined in March 2002. TGM concentrations were monitored using an automated mercury vapor analyzer Tekran2537A, and RGM in ambient air was sampled using KCI coated tubular denuders. The sampled RGM denuders were analyzed using thermal desorption coupled with CVAFS detection. The average concentrations of TGM and RGM are 7.09 ng m -3 and 37.5pg m -3 respectively during the sampling period. The primary anthropogenic source for both Hg 0 and RGM is coal combustion in the study area. TGM concentrations are significantly elevated comparing to the global background values, whereas RGM concentrations are only slightly higher than the reported values in remote areas in Europe and US. RGM only constitutes 0.5% ofTGM in the air at the sampling period. There is a significant negative correlation between RGM concentration and relative humidity (RH), with a coefficient correlation of 0.39 ( ). High relative humidity during the sampling is responsible for the relatively low RGM concentrations observed.
© EDP Sciences 2003