J. Phys. IV France 107 (2003) 1169
Phytoremediation of metals contaminated dredged sediments: Use of synthetic chelates in metals phytoextractionC. Sahut, G. Geniaut and M.P. Lillo
CEA, Centre d'Etudes de Cadarache, Département d'Etudes des Déchets, Service d'Etudes Procédés, Laboratoire Chimie Décontamination, bâtiment 352, 13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance cedex, France
(in Times 10 points) The waterways maintenance leads to a large volume of dredged polluted sediments, to be disposed of, every year. As the economic disposal of dredged sediment is a single line along the stream they can behave as a sink of pollutant and a migration in the environment is observed. Chelate-enhanced phytoremediation has been proposed as an effective tool for the extraction of heavy metals from dredged sediment by plants. Lysimeters studies were conducted to study the phytoremediation of sediments with EDTA and lactic acid used as synthetic chelators. EDTA appeared to enhance metal solubility by plant uptake did not increase accordingly. Futhermore EDTA enhance metal leaching which could lead 10 groungwater pollution. To prevent these unwanted side-effects, careful management of phytoremediation and of the use of EDTA seems necessary.
© EDP Sciences 2003