J. Phys. IV France 107 (2003) 1111
Critical loads for lead in France: First results on forest soilsA. Probst1, D. Moncoulon1, Y. Godderis1, L. Hernandez1 and J.-P. Party2
1 LMTG, Université Paul Sabatier, UMR-IRD 5563 du CNRS, 38 rue des 36 Ponts, 31400 Toulouse, France
2 Sol-Conseil, 2 rue de Roppenheim, 67000 Strasbourg, France
Within the framework of the United Nation Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution, France is part of the Working Group on Effect which aims at evaluating the impact of atmospheric deposition on ecosystems by calculating critical loads. The "critical loads" are "the highest deposition of compounds that will not cause chemical changes in soil leading to long-term harmful effects on ecosystem structure and function". A guidance manual for calculation of critical loads for heavy metals (lead and cadmium) has been proposed by the Coordination Center for Effects (executive body of the WGE). French National Focal Center (CNRS and ADEME) aims in this study at evaluating the accuracy of the european methodology for calculation of critical loads for french forest soils. It appears that critical load approach is adapted for France but need to be calibrated at least for calculation of weathering fluxes and determination of critical limits. Stand-still on the contrary is not adequate because of inherent contradictions in the method and too much uncertainties in the transfer functions.
© EDP Sciences 2003