J. Phys. IV France 107 (2003) 1045
Determination of the metal complexation capacity of natural waters by ligand titration in the presence of complexing resinsM. Pesavento, R. Biesuz and G. Alberti
Dipartimento di Chimica Generale, Università degli Studi di Pavia, via Taramelli 12, 27100 Pavia, Italy
The complexation properties of some drinking waters for U(VI), Al(III) and Cu(II) are determined by ligand titration (LT) with the metal ions, using a new method for monitoring, i.e. the sorpion of metal ion on complexing resins. The concentration of the free metal ion in solution is evaluated from the concentration of sorbed metal ion and from the quantity K*, which is the ratio of the concentration of the metal ion sorbed on the resin to the concentration of free metal ion in solution, and can be independently evaluated. The concentration of the ligands in solution ( ) and the conditional stability constant ( ) are obtained by the Ruzic linearization. Different resins, i.e. the iminodiacetic resin Chelex 100, the carboxylic resin Amberlite CG 50 and the anion exchange resin AGIX8 were used for monitoring the titration, since they have different sorbing properties, and in principe they allow the detection of different ligands. Ligands at low concentration and with very high complexation constants were detected in the considered samples. Particularly in the case of U(VI), they are able to complex the metal ion much more strongly than the ligands that are usually considered in aqueous solution, i.e. carbonate and hydroxyl.
© EDP Sciences 2003