J. Phys. IV France
Volume 12, Numéro 7, August 2002
Page(s) 429 - 435

J. Phys. IV France
12 (2002) Pr7-429
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20020312

Experimental and numerical investigation of kerosene flammability

I. Sochet1, J.-M. Pascaud2 and P. Gillard2

1  Laboratoire Énergétique Explosions Structures, Université d'Orléans, ENSIB, 10 boulevard Lahitolle, 18020 Bourges cedex, France
2  Laboratoire Énergétique Explosions Structures, Université d'Orléans, IUT de Bourges, 63 avenue de Lattre de Tassigny, 18020 Bourges cedex, France

In an attempt to contribute to aircraft safety, it is fundamental to define the explosions conditions of kerosene vapor in an aircraft tank. Flammability properties of kerosene F-34 and F-35 have been determined experimentally. The flash point and the vapor pressure have been measured by means of an appropriate apparatus. A first analysis of the composition by GC-MS analysis shows four essential compounds: decane, dodecane, 1,2,4 trimethylbenzene and butylcyclohexane. The evolution of maximum pressure is compared with the theoretical values obtained with a simple model based on the theory of molecule collisions. A simple modelling has been developed as part of a novel study on ignition and combustion of classical propulsive powders and transposed to liquid kerosene droplets in order to predict the main characteristics of these explosions in a closed vessel.

© EDP Sciences 2002