J. Phys. IV France 11 (2001) Pr8-469-Pr8-474
Effects of Si and Nb additions on CuAINiTi rapidily solidified alloys microstructuresT.A.M. Aboki1, A. Mikic1, P. Ochin2 and R. Portier1, 2
1 Laboratoire de Métallurgie Structurale, ENSCP, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France
2 CECM/CNRS, 15 rue Georges Urbain, 94400 Vitry-sur-Seine, France
Intensive investigations have been carried out on CuAlNiTi shape memory alloys (SMAs) with 1wt.%Ti and Ni content from 5 to 6 wt%. In this present work, we used a rapid solidification technique to prepare alloys of two compositions: (wt%) Cu79Al13Ni5Ti2Si1, Cu79Al13Ni5Ti1Nb2 The ribbons obtained were characterised by means of XRD, DSC measurements and TEM observations. XRD patterns indicated that the first alloy has a two-phase structure with beta and martensite 18R phases, whereas the second one is only beta. DSC measurements gave characteristic transformations temperatures. The Si-containing alloy showed low temperature transformations with Ms about -88°C and Af at -41°C in as-quenched state. The Nb-containing alloy exhibited high temperature transformations with Af about 170°C in the as-quenched state, which is quite higher for this alloy family. The transformation temperatures are stabilised after only one cycle at ΔTM=(Ms-Mf) constant for both alloys. This stabilisation is likely to be generated, in the case of Cu79Al13Ni5Ti1Nb2 by nanocrystalline precipitates revealed on TEM micrographs. Narrow and faulted martensite plates have been observed in agreement with previous results on rapidly solidified CuAlNiTi SMAs.
© EDP Sciences 2001