J. Phys. IV France 11 (2001) Pr8-191-Pr8-196
Martensitic transformations of Cu-Al-Ni single crystals in tension/compressionV. Novak1, P. Sittner1 and J. Van Humbeeck2
1 Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 18221 Prague 8, Czech Republic
2 MTM Department, Catholic University of Leuven, De Croylaan 2, 3030 Heverlee, Belgium
Cu-Al-Ni alloys, similarly as other Cu-base shape memory alloys, transform into more martensitic structures α1'(6R), β1'(18R) and γ1'(2H),, depending on the temperature, stress, load axis orientation, sense of loading and composition. The transformation stress-temperature conditions at which individual transitions take place are beneficially represented in so called non-equilibrium stress-temperature phase diagrams. On the basis of the σ-T diagrams, complex history dependent thermomechanical behaviors of SMA single crystals undergoing sequentially multiple solid state transitions can be easily understood and predicted. Since chemical composition of the alloy crystals affects mainly the equilibrium transformation temperatures, T0, and only slightly the slopes of the transformation lines in the σ-T diagrams, the diagrams mainly shift in the temperature range (over ~200K) with the compositional variations. The shape of the diagrams, however, may change significantly when the T0 shifts for individual transitions are different. Knowledge of the compositional dependence of σ-T diagrams would be beneficial for the development of shape memory alloys with specific required thermomechanical properties. The aim of the present work is experimental investigation of the martensitic transformations and construction of the σ-T diagram for Cu-Al-Ni alloy with lower Al content (T0>363K) and comparison with our previous results obtained on alloys with higher Al content (T0<263K).
© EDP Sciences 2001