J. Phys. IV France 10 (2000) Pr5-333-Pr5-339
Density functional theory of Rydberg matterE.A. Manykin1, M.I. Ojovan2 and P.P. Plouektov3
1 Russian Research Center, Kurchatov Institute, Kurchatov Square 1, 123182 Moscow, Russia
2 Scientific and Industrial Association "Radon", The 7-th Rostovsky Lane 2/14, 119121 Moscow, Russia
3 State Scientific Center VNIINM named after A.A. Bochvar, Rogova Street 5a, 123060 Moscow, Russia
The phase transition to a condensed state in a system of excited atoms was theoretically investigated in the beginning of 80-s. It was found that such a transition exists and is energetically favorable. From the beginning of 90-s extensive experiments were performed on behavior of dense systems of excited Cs atoms. Long lived massive clusters made of excited Cs atoms were detected, measurements of Rydberg nutter (RM) parameters were performed. Theoretical description of RM is a complex task taking into account its excited nature and very inhomogeneous distribution of valence electrons. Direct application of DFT to RM lead to many complications. We suggested to use pseudopotential conception for the description of excited atoms, then through formal replacement of excited atoms by ground state pseudoatoms, to apply DFT. This procedure was used for general formulation of RM theory. Parameters of RM made of highly excited Cs atoms were obtained on this basis. RM lifetime was estimated for both radiation and Auger processes. Impurity recombination was considered also. A very long lifetime was predicted decay processes being suppressed by spatial and energetically separation of valence electrons and inner shell recombination states. Comparison of theoretical estimations with experimental data showed satisfactory coincidence.
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