J. Phys. IV France
Volume 10, Numéro PR3, March 2000
Organic Superconductivity "20th Anniversary"
Page(s) Pr3-43 - Pr3-56
Organic Superconductivity "20th Anniversary"

J. Phys. IV France 10 (2000) Pr3-43-Pr3-56

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:2000305

Structural features of the Bechgaard salts and related compounds

J. P. Pouget

Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, UMR 8502 du CNRS, Université Paris-sud, 91405 Orsay, France and Département Sciences Physiques et Mathématiques, CNRS, 3 rue Michel-Ange, 75794 Paris, France

We present an overview of the structural instabilities and of the structural transitions exhibited by the Bechgaard salts (TMTSF)2X, the Fabre salts (TMTTF)2X, and related compounds. In the (TMTTF)2X and (BCPTTF)2X series with centrosymmetric anions X, such as PF6, a 2kF bond instability leads to the formation of a spin-Peierls (SP) ground state. A quantitative analysis of its one dimensional (1D) pretransitional fluctuations, previously performed in the BCPTTF series, is extended to the inorganic SP compound CuGeO3. In the (TMTSF)2X series, the 1D 2kF charge density wave (CDW) structural fluctuations vanish at low temperature when the spin density wave correlations develop. However the detection of very weak 2kF and 4kF satellite reflections shows that the density wave ground state of (TMTSF)2PF6 unexpectedly presents a mixed spin-charge character. In salts with X non-centrosymmetric, the anions, disordered at room temperature, order in a superlattice upon cooling. However, because of their coupling with the organic sublattice, these ordering lead to important modifications of the electronic properties. Finally, we report a quantitative analysis of the 1D 2kF and 4kF CDW lattice fluctuations observed in the TTF-TCNQ family, allowing to extract the exponent Kp governing the collective instabilities of the Luttinger liquid.

© EDP Sciences 2000