J. Phys. IV France 08 (1998) Pr9-79-Pr9-82
Low temperature formation of sol-gel derived ferroelectric lead zirconate titanate (Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3, x = 0.3) thin filmsQ. Zhang1, R.W. Whatmore1, Z. Huang1 and M.E. Vickers2
1 Advanced Material Group, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedforeshire MK43 OAL, U.K.
2 Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3QZ, U.K.
Crack-free transparent thin films of ferroelectric Pb(Zr0.3, Ti0.7)O3 (PZT) with the perovskite structure were prepared by spin-coating a solution of complex alkoxides, followed by drying and then firing at the temperatures less than 500°C. The preparation of stock solution, drymg, and firing of films are described. The coatings with selective orientations have been prepared by using selective processing parameters. The influence of low-temperature processing steps on texture development will be reported. The formation and growth of polymeric particles in the hydrolysis and condensation of PZT sol-gel precursor solutions have been investigated by using photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS), small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and by measuring their rheological properties. It has been possible to follow the growth of the particles in the sol by the different techniques used from initial values of <4nm up to ca 100nm. It has been shown that the particles are rods rather than spheres. The effects of particle shape and solution chemistry on the crystal phase formation and texture development will be discussed.
© EDP Sciences 1998