J. Phys. IV France 7 (1997) C2-879-C2-881
Scanning and Energy Dispersive EXAFS Studies of Nickel Alkene Oligomerisation CatalystsJ.M. Corker1, A.J. Dent2, J. Evans1, M. Hagelstein3 and V.L. Kambhampati1
1 Department Chemistry, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
2 Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington WA4 4AD, UK
3 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP. 220, 38043 Grenoble cedex, France
In situ EDE and scanning EXAFS studies of homogeneous alkene oligomerisation catalysts are reported. EDE spectra were acquired either on Station 9.3 at the SRS Daresbury Laboratory using a bent Si(220) crystal monochromator (Ni and Br K-edges) or on ID24 at the ESRF using a Si(111) monochromator in a Bragg geometry (Ni K-edge). The catalysts studied were derived from mixtures of Ni(acac)2 (acac = 2,4-pentanedionato) and AlEt2(OEt) or NiX2(PEt3)2 (X = Cl, Br) and AlEt3. For Ni(acac)2/AlEt2(OEt), Ni K-edge EDE is consistent with a mean structure similar in nature to trimeric Ni(acac)2 but with partial substitution of acac ligands by alkene and alkyl groups. At 25°C, further breakdown of the trimer occurs to give alkylated monomeric nickel species. For NiCl2(PEt3)2/AlEt3, low temperature Ni K-edge EDE has been used to monitor alkylation of the Ni centre, and for ambient temperature mixtures of NiBr2(PEt3)2/AlEt3, Br K-edge EDE data shows complete loss of Br from the metal centre occurring within minutes of adding AlEt3. Instrumental difficulties (detector and beamline setup) at the current time prevent acquisition of analysable EXAFS in a timescale faster than 0.1-10 s for these types of systems.
© EDP Sciences 1997