J. Phys. IV France 7 (1997) C2-683-C2-685
Lattice Strain in Magnetic Ultrathin FilmsM.K. McManus, E.D. Crozier, D.T. Jiang and B. Heinrich
Physics Dept., Simon Fraser University, Burnaby BC V5A 1S6, Canada
A clear understanding of the mechanisms of interfacial magnetic anisotropy rests on the structural characterisation of magnetic multilayers which, typically, consist of two ferromagnetically coupled (F) layers separated by a non-magnetic spacer layer. Fe/Cu/Fe trilayers are of special interest since the coupling between the F layers of Fe changes from F to antiferromagnetic depending on the thickness of the Cu spacer layer. Here, a magnetic multilayer system, grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), was modified by inserting Cr in the Cu : Ag(001)/8.7 Fe/3 Cu/6 Cr/3 Cu/5 Fe/10 Au where the integers refer to monolayers. Polarized K-edge XAFS spectra (E parallel to the substrate) were obtained from fluorescence measurements in the total reflection geometry. The multiple scattering paths were analysed for the Cr edge. The initial Cu grew pseudomorphically in a BCC structure on Fe/Ag(001). The Cr proved to be tetragonally distorted from its BCC structure. The overlayers of Fe on Cu are contracted by 1.27% within the plane and conserve the c lattice parameter of Fe, though the atomic volume is contracted by 2.8%. The Cu adopts a BCT, rather than keeping its bulk FCC, structure and the corresponding decrease in its atomic volume from the FCC is only 0.3%.
© EDP Sciences 1997