J. Phys. IV France 05 (1995) C8-151-C8-156
Conception of New Phase Dislocation-Based Nucleation at Reconstructive Martensitic TransformationsV.V. Letuchev, V.P. Vereshchagin, I.V. Alexina and M.P. Kashchenko
Ural State Wood Technology Academy, Physics Chair, Sybirskyi Trak 37, 620032, Ekaterinburg, Russia
The role of dislocations and the dynamical mechanism controlling the structural reconstruction in the process of nucleation and wave growth of new phase unit crystals at martensitic transformations in metallic systems are discussed. It has been established that near some rectilinear dislocations with lines and Burgers's vectors typical for the original phase, there are areas where an elastically deformed state is characterized by package of particularities unambiguously corresponding to the well definite morphological attribute set (habit, orientation relationship, macroshear) of the martensite crystal. The distinctiveness of these areas for martensite nucleation is caused by character of strains reducing the magnitude of interphase energetic barrier. The elastic model of the dislocation-based nucleation center of martensitic crystal, allowing to select the dislocations being the most probable for nucleation and to make a martensitic crystal with the morphological attribute specific collection corresponding to each a dislocation, has been proposed. Such dislocations for certain Fe-, Cu- and TiNi-based alloys are indicated. New results for titanium nickel are presented in more detail.
© EDP Sciences 1995