J. Phys. IV France 04 (1994) C4-27-C4-33
Laser-powder-material interactions in the laser cladding processM. PICASSO1 and M. RAPPAZ2
1 CERS (Commission pour l'Encouragement de la Recherche Scientifique), Berne, Switzerland and by Sulzer Innotec, Winterthur, Switzerland.
2 Département de Mathématiques et Laboratoire de Métallurgie Physique, MX-G, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
In this paper we present briefly two possible approaches for modelling the laser cladding process. The first approach is 2D and consists in finding the shape of the molten pool given the fraction of the laser power which is available at the surface of the workpiece and given the amount of powder sticking to the molten pool. The powder reaching the workpiece is assumed to melt instantaneously at the surface of the molten pool, it is then mixed into the molten pool according to the computed velocity field. Because of its complexity, this model is solved only for two-dimensional situations and requires powerfull computers. On the other hand, accurate predictions of the shape of the molten pool are obtained. The second approach is 3D and takes into account the interations between the laser beam, the powder particles travelling into the carrier gas and the molten pool. The laser power reaching the surface of the workpiece is estimated and, assuming this power is used to remelt the substrate with the clad being pre-deposited, the melt pool shape is computed using a 3D analytical model, which allows to obtain immediate results, even on personal computers. The predictions obtained with this numerical model are in good agreement with experimental results.
© EDP Sciences 1994