EDP Sciences Journals List
Issue J. Phys. IV France
Volume 133, June 2006
Page(s) 1065 - 1070
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/jp4:2006133216
Published online 16 June 2006

Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2005
J.-C. Gauthier, et al.
J. Phys. IV France 133 (2006) 1065-1070

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:2006133216

High density energy physics experiments on LULI 2000 facility

A. Benuzzi-Mounaix1, M. Koenig1, A. Ravasio1, T. Vinci1, N. Ozaki1, S. Lepape1, M. Rabec Le Gloahec1, C. Michaut2, L. Boireau2, S. Bouquet3, S. Brygoo3, E. Henry3, P. Loubeyre3, D. Riley4 and K. Tanaka5

1  Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Laser Intenses (LULI), Unité Mixte CNRS-CEA, École Polytechnique, Université Paris VI, 91128 Palaiseau, France
2  Laboratoire de l'Univers et de ses Théories (LUTH), Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon, France
3  Département de Physique Théorique et Appliquée (DPTA), CEA-DIF, BP. 12, 91680 Bruyères-le-Châtel, France
4  Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK
5  Institute of Laser Engeneering, Osaka University, Yamada-oka 2-6, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan


Abstract
We present here a summary of various and preliminary experiments performed on the new facility LULI 2000. Four topics in the High Density Energy Physics have been investigated:

a- Equation of State: we studied pre-compressed water, one of most abundant component of Uranus and Neptune's mantle. We used a recent technique based on generating a shock into a diamond anvil cell pre-compressed target. Some new data on EOS surface in the range 2-3 Mbar have been obtained.

b- X-ray Thomson scattering: a strongly coupled and degenerated Aluminum plasma has been produced and probed by Ti He-alpha radiation. By using a curved spectrometer, the scattered spectrum has been measured a Compton shift from electrons has been put in evidence.

c- Astrophysics in the laboratory: A radiative supercritical shock has been produced into a gas cell filled with a low density of Xenon (0.1-0.3 bar). Various diagnostics have been implemented to determine electron density variation, precursor and shock velocities, the 2D shape of the shock at different times and electron temperature.

d- Laser accelerated flyer: different flyer plate targets have been tested. Typical shock loaded material was fused-quartz plate. Flyer velocities up to 55 km/s have been measured.



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